Accepted papers

List of accepted papers to be presented at LSR 2018 in Montana

 

Papers Title Papers Authors Abstract
“Intimate Relationship” with “Virtual Humans” and the “Socialification” of Familyship Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Komazawa University In this paper, the author provides a new view on intimate relationships with “virtual humans” such as robots and AIs. Recent technological developments have enabled firms to create humanlike robots and AIs. It is likely that, in the near future, a growing number of people will want intimate relationships with these virtual humans. This may receive harsh criticism, for example that such a move would indicate objectification of women or ethical wrongdoing. Instead, however, it should be viewed in light of quality of life (QOL) for sexual minorities and people with various disabilities. Aided by discussion of the introduction of the Long Term Public Care Insurance (LTCI) system in Japan in the late 1990s, the author positions this trend as the “socialification” of familyship—that is, a phenomenon in which the virtual humans, as products or services offered by businesses, become partners/family members, and a change by which some parts of the intimate relationships within families are shared in society. Just as the LTCI system, which was introduced as a socialification of nursing care, reduced the burden of care on Japanese women and improved their QOL, adoption of virtual humans as a socialification of familyship is also likely to improve the QOL of people with difficulties.
Moral Psychology of Sex Robots: an experimental study– How Pathogen Disgust is associated with interhuman sex but not interandroid sex Mika J T Koverola, University of Helsinki The idea of sex with robots seems to fascinate the general public, raising both enthusiasm and revulsion. We ran two experimental studies (N= 172 and N= 260) where we compared people’s reactions to variants of stories about a person visiting a bordello. Our results show that paying for the ser-vices of a sex robot is condemned less harshly than paying for the services of a human sex worker, especially if the payer is married. We feel that we have for the first time experimentally confirmed that people are somewhat unsure about whether using a sex robot while in a committed monogamous relationship should be considered as infidelity or not. We have also shed some light on the psychological factors that influence attitudes towards sex robots. As our results indicate that sex with a robot is indeed considered to be sex and a sex robot is seen as a robot, we feel that we have shown that standard methods of research on sexuality and robotics are applicable in re-search on sex robotics.
TouchYou: A Wearable Touch Sensor and Stimulator for Using Our Own Body as a Remote Sex Interface Leonardo M Gomes, University of Sao Paulo,   Rita Wu, University of Sao Paulo In this article we present TouchYou, a pair of wearable interfaces that enables af-fective touch interactions with people at long distance. Through a touch sensitive interface, which works by touch, pressure and capacitance, the body becomes the own input for stimulating the other body, which has a stimulation interface that enables the feeling of being touched. The person receives an electrical muscle stimulation, thermal and mechanical stimulation that reacts depending on the touch sensed by the first interface. By using the TouchYou, people can stimulate each other, using their own body, not only for sexual relations at a distance but for the production of affections and another way of feeling. We discuss the im-portance of the touch for human relationships, the current state of art in haptic in-terfaces and how the technology can be used for the affection remote transmis-sion. We present the design process of the TouchYou sensitive and stimulation interfaces, with a contribution of a method for developing custom touch sensors, we explore usage scenarios for the technology, including sex toys and sex robots and we present the concept of using the body as a remote sex interface.
Making out with the world and valuing relationships with humans. Mediation theory and the introduction of teledildonics. Nicola Liberati, University of Twente The paper aims to analyse the effects of the introduction of teledildos on our sexual lives according to postphenomenology and mediation theory. Digital technologies are getting very intimate by mediating even our sexual intercourse as in the case of teledildonics. Since according to postphenomenology and mediation theory, technologies are never neutral, the question of how we will be affected by their introduction becomes essential. In this work, we will show how they will allow human beings to have sexual intercourse with every object around by turning them into sexually interactive “quasi-others”, and how this change will affect many aspects of our lives. We will show it will affect how we perceive the world around, and how we are tempted by it. Moreover, we will highlight how even the meaning we give to sex will be shaped according to the new potentialities provided by this technology, and teledildos will touch even the values related to it.
Emotional and Physical Intimacy with Robots; A Qualitative Study of Behavioural Intention

Chamari Edirisinghe, Imagineering Institute,
Adrian David Cheok, Imagineering Institute / City, University  of London

This paper introduces a qualitative study conducted to understand the perceived behavioural intention towards emotional and physical intimacy with robots. 15 individuals with an average age of 29 years have participated in this study. Our framework for this study was adapted from the theory of reasoned action (TRA). TRA asserts that behavioural intentions are driven by the negative/positive evaluation of outcomes of a behaviour, and subjective norms. The novelty in this paper is determining the perception towards emotional and physical intimacy with robots using qualitative method structured by adapting TRA. Our results revealed that emotional and physical intimacy with robots was implicitly understood as positive. However, subjective norms were the key influences in perceiving the behaviour.